Guide Apes of the World: Their Social Behavior, Communication, Mentality and Ecology

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The first systematic study was not conducted until the s, when Carl Akeley of the American Museum of Natural History traveled to Africa to hunt for an animal to be shot and stuffed. On his first trip, he was accompanied by his friends Mary Bradley , a mystery writer, her husband, and their young daughter Alice, who would later write science fiction under the pseudonym James Tiptree Jr. She later became an advocate for the conservation of gorillas, and wrote several more books mainly for children. In the late s and early s, Robert Yerkes and his wife Ava helped further the study of gorillas when they sent Harold Bigham to Africa.

Yerkes also wrote a book in about the great apes. In , he conducted a systematic study of the mountain gorilla in the wild and published his work. Years later, at the behest of Louis Leakey and the National Geographic , Dian Fossey conducted a much longer and more comprehensive study of the mountain gorilla. When she published her work, many misconceptions and myths about gorillas were finally disproved, including the myth that gorillas are violent.

Gorillas show Human expressions and behaviors - by Kevin Hunter

Western lowland gorillas G. The gorilla became the next-to-last great ape genus to have its genome sequenced. The first gorilla genome was generated with short read and Sanger sequencing using DNA from a female western lowland gorilla named Kamilah.

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This gave scientists further insight into the evolution and origin of humans. Since coming to the attention of western society in the s, [64] gorillas have been a recurring element of many aspects of popular culture and media. For example, gorillas have featured prominently in monstrous fantasy films such as King Kong. Additionally, pulp fiction stories such as Tarzan and Conan the Barbarian have featured gorillas as physical opponents of the titular protagonists. Mountain gorillas are the most severely endangered, with an estimated population of about left in the wild and none in zoos.

In , a population of several hundred gorillas in the Odzala National Park , Republic of Congo was essentially wiped out by the Ebola virus. The researchers indicated in conjunction with commercial hunting of these apes, the virus creates "a recipe for rapid ecological extinction ". The Gorilla Agreement is the first legally binding instrument exclusively targeting gorilla conservation; it came into effect on 1 June From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Genus of mammals. For other uses, see Gorilla disambiguation. Not to be confused with Guerrilla. For other uses, see Blackback disambiguation and Silverback disambiguation. Savage , Play media. It is not to be confused with Guerrilla communication. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.

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February See also: Animal language. Main article: Gorillas in popular culture. Wilson, D. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Songs of the Gorilla Nation. Geographici Graeci Minores. Ed, J.

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Blomqvist History in Africa. Archived from the original on 14 March Ashley In Andrea B. Goldsmith ed. Gorilla Biology: A Multidisciplinary Perspective. Cambridge University Press. Archived from the original PDF on 26 March Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews. Archived from the original on 29 August March Robbins Archived from the original on 21 September Retrieved 11 September Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.

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Archived from the original PDF on 10 May Molecular Biology and Evolution. American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

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Archived from the original on 10 May American Journal of Primatology. William Andrew. Sterling Publishing. Zoo Biology. Archived from the original pdf on 20 January Retrieved 5 January Archived from the original on 28 September Retrieved 10 October Gorilla biology: a multidisciplinary perspective. Cambridge England : Cambridge Univ Pr. Conference proceedings; 10 May —13; Brookfield, IL.

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Chicago: Chicago Zoo Soc. Weigl Educational Publishers Limited. Archived from the original on 27 June Retrieved 4 July Great ape societies. Mountain gorillas: three decades of research at Karisoke. Cambridge England : Cambridge University Press. Cambridge England : Cambridge Univ Press pp. Retrieved on Cambridge England : Cambridge Univ Press. Behav Ecol Sociobiol.

Gorillas in the mist. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. Journal of Human Evolution. Archived from the original on 3 April Am J Primatol.

Gorillas mate face to face". Archived from the original on 15 February J Reprod Fertil. Repertoire, context, and interspecific comparison". Gorilla Behavior. Retrieved 12 February Retrieved PLoS Biol. CBS News. Archived from the original on 14 November Retrieved 18 October Communication describing the external character and habits of a new species of Troglodytes T. Boston Soc Nat Hist, pp. Notice of the external characters and habits of Troglodytes gorilla, a new species of orang from the Gaboon River, osteology of the same Archived 20 May at the Wayback Machine.

Boston J Nat Hist — The New York Times. Archived from the original on 6 April Retrieved 6 April Bibcode : Natur. Nature Medicine.

Advances in Pharmacology. Archived from the original on 8 March Retrieved 8 March Amy; Ward, Michelle C. Archived from the original on 9 March Archived from the original on 7 October Retrieved 15 September Archived from the original on 12 July Retrieved 10 July Archived from the original on 29 March Retrieved 9 December Extant species of family Hominidae great apes. Bornean orangutan P. Western gorilla G. Common chimpanzee P. Human H. Human Homo sapiens Chimpanzee Pan spp. For example, John accorded to young children in Christian practice.

Della Cook Crandall and Jennifer Thompson describe the elaborate mor- and colleagues also highlight three unique trauma cases of tuary rituals associated with purportedly sacrificed children older children in the Midwestern United States, likely sin- in Mexico without describing what is typical for adults or gled out in their community due to conditions that led to other children in the region, which could actually bolster cranial microcephaly.

Furthermore, while in most cases skele- argue that identification of infanticide in a sample needs to tal data collection methods are clearly stated in each chapter, be supported by not only high perinatal mortality but also occasionally the process of differential diagnosis or clinical logical reasons for why and how infanticide was practiced bases for these methods are not adequately discussed: con- within their ecological and sociocultural contexts and consid- sider, for example, the effectiveness of using musculoskeletal eration of alternative hypotheses. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, DOI: Apes and Human Evolution is essentially an updated Scott A.

When he reaches by a section on the anatomy and physiology of bipedal lo- the group containing great apes and humans, Tuttle hesi- comotion. He then discusses fossil evidence for bipedalism, tates and declines his support for a human and chimpanzee— including a brief summary and critique of the skeletal and bonobo clade in favor of other possible branching patterns. For each topic, time of fossil primate sites across the world although the we are treated to a species-by-species account: for exam- Americas are conspicuously missing.

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Consistent the ethical treatment of animals, for culturally sensitive and with his treatment of taxonomy, Tuttle carries forward with native-lead umbrella species-style conservation, and, finally, a critique of molecular clock divergence dates, quipping a for equal rights for all human beings.

Earlier in , Tuttle joined methods lobbed at scientists by antievolutionists. He then a short and very prestigious list of recipients of the Charles provides an overview of human evolution, culminating in R. Darwin Lifetime Achievement Award. In summarizing modern human origins and discussion of the implications of and synthesizing much of the literature in primatology and ancient DNA from Neandertals and Denisova Cave.

Park Ridge: Noyes.

The Mentality of Apes

Related Papers. Russell H. Tuttle: Apes and Human Evolution.